Untenstehend die Kurzzusammenfassung des GIGA-Focus Nahost mit dem Titel „Not a Storm in a Teacup: The Islamic State after the Caliphate“. Der Artikel ist im Zusammenhang mit MOTRA erstellt worden und in englischer Sprache veröffentlicht worden.
Despite the loss of its territorial “caliphate” in 2019, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (IS) still poses a daily threat to the societies of the region and beyond. To account for the resurgence of IS, we need to look at its dynamism, in addition to the domestic and regional complexities that facilitate its persistence in Iraq and Syria.
- The gradual, drastic loss of territorial control in Iraq and Syria since 2015 has deprived IS of crucial assets to launch large-scale terrorist attacks and compelled it to change its tactics.
- Since 2019, IS has intensified its guerilla warfare and, by destabilising large parts of Syria and Iraq, managed to maintain leverage in those areas.
- The organisational and ideological cohesion of IS has not deteriorated significantly, even after losing its territorial base and its “caliph,” Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
- IS exploits the political, security, social, and economic fragmentations that continue to plague both Iraq and Syria and that contributed to its rise in the first place.
- Refugee camps and detention centres, especially in northeast Syria, are currently being targeted by IS for infiltration and radicalisation. If these campaigns are successful, IS may be able to regain thousands of fighters.
Der Artikel ist abrufbar unter https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/publications/24482149-storm-teacup-islamic-state-after-caliphate/
Oder auch hier als PDF.